On 28 April, H.E. Calling on Article IV of the NPT, the 2010 Review Conference’s “action plan on nuclear disarmament,” and the conclusion of the International Court of Justice that there exists an obligation to pursue nuclear disarmament, the NAM called on nuclear weapons states to accelerate concrete progress on the steps leading to nuclear disarmament. In this statement the NAM called for a balanced and non-discriminatory effort to strengthen all three pillars of the NPT. Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt.16-04-2009.

There is a general Conference of Foreign Ministers every three years. [19] The movement continues to see a role for itself, as in its view, the world's-poorest nations remain exploited and marginalised, no longer by opposing superpowers, but rather in a uni-polar world,[20] and it is Western hegemony and neo-colonialism that the movement has really re-aligned itself against. Nuclear Threat Initiative Although Moscow's allies supported the Soviet intervention, other members of the movement (particularly predominantly Muslim states) condemned it. Cuba also established military advisory missions and economic and social reform programs. After the breakup of Yugoslavia, a founding member, its membership was suspended[7] in 1992 at the regular Ministerial Meeting of the Movement, held in New York during the regular yearly session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Play the new NTI game "Hair Trigger" to learn more. The US invasion of Iraq and the War on Terrorism, its attempts to stifle Iran and North Korea's nuclear plans, and its other actions have been denounced by some members of the Non-Aligned Movement as attempts to run roughshod over the sovereignty of smaller nations; at the most recent summit, Kim Yong-nam, the head of North Korea's parliament, stated that, "The United States is attempting to deprive other countries of even their legitimate right to peaceful nuclear activities. The Ministers expressed disappointment regarding the failure of the 2003 NPT PrepCom for the 2005 Review Conference to agree on an agenda and recommendations, noting the need for the NWS to fulfill their commitments with regard to the Treaty, while reaffirming States' inalienable right to use energy peacefully. The first of the working papers set out the procedure and other arrangements for an effective and successful outcome of the Preparatory Committee and the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Promotion of mutual interests and co-operation. This Working Paper was submitted to the Secretariat of the UNDC for its circulation as an official document. The NAM recognized the new START treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation but noted there needed to be "more concrete uniform and systematic nuclear disarmament efforts involving all nuclear weapons states." On 27 February, the Chair conveyed the Coordinating Bureau's decision through letters to Mr. Volodymyr Yelchenko, Chairman of the Second NPT PrepCom, the Secretariat of the PrepCom, and all NAM States parties to the NPT. The fifth paper addressed concerns about safeguards, stating that the IAEA is the most appropriate actor to address verification and safeguards issues. According to media reports the NAM also expressed support for the nuclear swap declaration between Iran, Turkey and Brazil that was signed in Tehran in May. At this meeting, a statement on the nuclear issue in Iran was released. At the conference, Heads of State or Government adopted a Final Document that addressed a number of key issues of disarmament and international security. On 12 March, the Chair and the Permanent Representative of Indonesia, in his capacity as Coordinator of the NAM Working Group on Disarmament, met with H.E. The phrase itself was first used to represent the doctrine by Indian diplomat and statesman V.K. Working Paper 18 specifically addressed concern over the failure of some Nuclear Weapon States (NWS) to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The Heads of State or Government first addressed their great concern at the growing number of unilateral actions and unilaterally imposed prescriptions. Member States Burkina Faso, Libya, Panama, South Africa, Vietnam, and Observers China, and Costa Rica voted in favor while Indonesia abstained. Additionally, some members were involved in serious conflicts with other members (e.g., India and Pakistan, Iran and Iraq). [26] Attendance at the highest level includes 27 presidents, two kings and emirs, seven prime ministers, nine vice presidents, two parliament spokesmen and five special envoys. The third phase extended beyond 2025 calling for the full implementation of a treaty eliminating all nuclear weapons and its verification regime. In its efforts to advance Southern interests, the movement has stressed the importance of cooperation and unity amongst member states,[22] but as in the past, cohesion remains a problem since the size of the organisation and the divergence of agendas and allegiances present the ongoing potential for fragmentation. [citation needed] In line with its views on sovereignty, the organisation appeals for the protection of cultural diversity, and the tolerance of the religious, socio-cultural, and historical particularities that define human rights in a specific region. The 2003 invasion of Iraq and the War on Terrorism, its attempts to stifle Iran and North Korea's nuclear plans, and its other actions have been denounced by some members of the Non-Aligned Movement as attempts to run roughshod over the sovereignty of smaller nations; at the most recent summit, Kim Yong-nam, the head of North Korea's parliament, stated, "The United States is attempting to deprive other countries of even their legitimate right to peaceful nuclear activities. Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations. Brazil has never been a formal member of the movement, but shares many of the aims of Non-Aligned Movement and frequently sends observers to the Non-Aligned Movement's summits. "18th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement gets underway in Baku", "Secretary-General's Message to Additional Commemorative Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon", "Non-Aligned Movement is 'United Against Covid-19, "Саммит Движения неприсоединения состоялся в формате Контактной группы по инициативе президента Азербайджана_Russian.news.cn", "Castro elected President of Non-Aligned Movement Nations", "XIV Ministerial Conference of the Non-Aligned Movement", "Final Document of the 7th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement -(New Delhi Declaration)", "Yugoslavia Casts Shadow over Non-Aligned Summit", The Principles of Non-Alignment. Another added aim was opposition to stationing of military bases in foreign countries.[15]. [44][failed verification], Working groups, task forces, committees[45], The conference of Heads of State or Government of the Non-Aligned Countries, often referred to as Non-Aligned Movement Summit is the main meeting within the movement and are held every few years:[46].

In the 1970s, Cuba made a major effort to assume a leadership role in the world's nonalignment movement, which represented over 90 Third World nations. The NAM voiced support for a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East and urged Israel's accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under IAEA safeguards.

While many of the Non-Aligned Movement's members were actually quite closely aligned with one or another of the super powers, the movement still maintained surprising amounts of cohesion throughout the Cold War. He repeated NAM's call for "an international conference, at the earliest possible date, with the objective of obtaining an agreement on a phased program for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons with a specified framework of time.".

"[38], Since 1961, the organization has supported the discussion of the case of Puerto Rico's self-determination before the United Nations. Regarding the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, the NAM stated that while it recognizes the growing significance of this dimension for many states, this should not distract from the ultimate goal of nuclear disarmament. At the seventh summit held in New Delhi in March 1983, the movement described itself as "history's biggest peace movement". The Non-Aligned Movement celebrated it's 50th Anniversary in Belgrade on September 5–6, 2011.[28]. The following countries are members of the NAM, arranged by continent, showing their year of admission:[2]. The movement stems from a desire not to be aligned within a geopolitical/military structure and therefore itself does not have a very strict organizational structure. 10 Observer Organizations – African Union, Afro-Asian People’s Solidarity Organization, Common-wealth Secretariat, Hostosian National Independence Movement, Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front, League of Arab States, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, South Center, United Nations, Secretariat of the Commonwealth Nations, World Peace Council. The country should have adopted an independent policy based on the coexistence of States with different political and social systems and on non-alignment or should be showing a trend in favor of such a policy; The country concerned should be consistently supporting the Movements for national independence; The country should not be a member of a multilateral military alliance concluded in the context of Great Power conflicts; If a country has a bilateral military agreement with a Great Power, or is a member of a regional defense pact, the agreement or pact should not be one deliberately concluded in the context of Great Power conflicts; If it has conceded military bases to a Foreign Power the concession should not have been made in the context of Great Power conflicts. Mutual non-interference in domestic affairs. [39][needs update], Since 1973, the group has supported the discussion of the case of Western Sahara's self-determination before the United Nations. The term "non-alignment" itself was coined by V.K. The statement expressed NAM’s concern over the slow progress on nuclear disarmament, especially by Nuclear-Weapon States (NWS) and reiterated its highest priority- the realization of a world free of nuclear weapons. Abstention from intervention or interference in the internal affairs of another country. A major question has been whether any of its foundational ideologies, principally national independence, territorial integrity, and the struggle against colonialism and imperialism, can be applied to contemporary issues.