The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Haryana and New Delhi is 121 km= 75 miles.. The population density is 477 people/sq km. It was here that the Vedas were written, as the Aryans chanted their sacred Mantras. Sehrawat, Narada bore this news to Shiva. Tewatia/Teotia, Towards the middle of the 18th century, the Marathas had control over Haryana. Haryana is primarily an agrarian state. Examples of yaṇa sandhi are: Let us provide more facts about Haryana from ancient literature. The yāna / mārga metaphor is similar to the Chinese image of the Tao (path or way) but Indian and Chinese cultures appear to have evolved such similar metaphors independently. The name itself means 'Hari ka Desh' or the land of Lord Shiva. Pahal/Pahil, Sanskrit is now taught in schools till the 8th class. Ghangus/Ghanghas, D: Before the Mahabharata war, a battle of ten kings took place in the Kurukshetra region in the Saraswati Valley. There are some hilly areas, which form part of Shivalik Hills in the north-east and Aravalli Hills in the south. Malik, The southwestern area of the state is drier and sandier. Ghalyan, Loura, After the downfall of the Gupta empire in the middle of 6th century AD north India was again split into several kingdoms. Khatkar, The Delhi Museum Inscription of the reign of Muhammad Tughluq (A.D. 1328) gives the name as Hariyana the very heaven on earth and where lies the city Dhillika (Delhi), built by the Tomaras. Kankhal, ancient town near Haridwar, was the summer capital and Thanesar (Kurukshetra) the winter capital of Shiva. Taking advantage of Humayun's death, Hemu had marched to Agra and Delhi and occupied it without difficulty. Yāna (Sanskrit and Pāli) refers to a mode or method of spiritual practice in Buddhism, and in particular to divisions of various schools of Buddhism according to their type of practice. In 1857, the people of Haryana joined the Indian leaders in the first War of Independence against the British. Naidu, Kakodia, It was here that Lord Krishna preached Bhagvad-Gita before the start of the battle of Mahabharata. Lakra, [1] As per this norm the population of Jats comes out to be 4638000. Hindus are divided into a number of castes like Jats, Brahmins, Ahirs, Gujars, Aggarwals, Arora Khatris, Sainis, Rajputs and Rors. For understanding the history of the formation of Haryana as a new state in 1966, kindly read:, Captain Devinder Singh Ahlawat - Maha Vir Chakra, Chaudhary Chandgi Ram Atta,Freedom-Fighter(INA), Havildar (Hony. Sheorayan/Shivrain, The eastern border of the state is defined by the Yamuna River, which separates it from the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Gawaria, The decision has to depend upon whatever sketchy historical and archaeological material could be obtained from various sources.”. Bedian, To give a warm welcome to Shiva the site of Haridwar was made a welcome-gate hence called Haridwar (हरिद्वार) . Karwasra, Eastern border to Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh is defined by river Yamuna. M: Kataria. Dudi, Hemu was in a winning position when a stray arrow struck him in the eye. Thakur Deshraj has explained that there was a clan of Jats named Shivi who had a republic ruled by democratic system of administration known as ganatantra. Haryana (Hindi: हरयाणा, हरियाणा, Punjabi: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ), ancient name Haritanaka (हरितानक), is a state in north India.