This page was last edited on 8 October 2020, at 08:29. When the Treaty of San Francisco came into force many ethnic Koreans lost their Japanese citizenship from April 28, 1952 and with it the right to welfare grants, to hold a government job of any kind or to attend Japanese schools. The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects regarding the population. As trainees, labor standards law and minimum wage legislation has on occasion been ignored by unscrupulous employers. About 50% of these moves were within the same prefecture; the others were relocations from one prefecture to another. Chinese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Brazilians account for about 69.5% of foreign residents in Japan. The Immigration Bureau introduced new immigration procedures on November 20th, 2007. (2.7%), Aichi Reforms which took effect in 2015 relax visa requirements for "Highly Skilled Foreign Professionals" and create a new type of residence status with an unlimited period of stay. [58] Brazilians (300,000, many of whom are ethnically Japanese) as well as Peruvians and Argentineans of both Latin American and Japanese descent. United Nations 2015 data is used. [3], Since 2010, Japan has experienced net population loss due to falling birth rates and minimal immigration, despite having one of the highest life expectancies in the world, at 85.00 years as of 2016[update] (it stood at 81.25 as of 2006). Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it. (1.0%), Saitama International Statistics at", "Being 'hafu' in Japan: Mixed-race people face ridicule, rejection", "Half, bi or double? According to the Japanese Health Ministry, the population is estimated to drop from its current state of 126.26 million to 86.74 million by the year 2060. They have co-existed for more than a thousand years. During Japan's economic development in the twentieth century, and especially during the 1950s and 1960s, migration was characterized by urbanization as people from rural areas in increasing numbers moved to the larger metropolitan areas in search of better jobs and education. Despite nearly 70% of Japan being covered by forests,[17] parks in many major cities—especially Tokyo and Osaka—are smaller and scarcer than in major West European or North American cities. [9] As of 2013[update] more than 20 percent of the population of Japan were aged 65 and over. [76], A number of long-term resident Koreans in Japan today retain familial links with the descendants of Koreans,[77] that either immigrated voluntarily or were forcibly relocated during the Japanese Occupation of the Korea. 6,737 were Japanese or Chinese dependents. are not acceptable as legal names. [13], Japan collects census information every five years, with censuses conducted by the Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Nadamoto Masahisa of the Buraku History Institute estimates that as of 1998, between 60 and 80% of burakumin marry a non-burakumin.[66]. [44], According to the Japanese immigration centre,[32] the number of foreign residents in Japan has steadily increased, and the number of foreign residents (excluding a small number of illegal immigrants and short-term visitors, such as foreign nationals staying less than 90 days in Japan),[45] exceeded 2.2 million people in 2008. The left side is Male and the right side is Female. Population density. It ranks 35th in a list of countries by population density, ranking directly above Philippines (347 per km2) and directly below Curacao (359 per km2). Well known programs include: In the light of current demographic trends Japan is likely to experience a decrease in tax revenue without a corresponding decrease in welfare expenses for an increasingly elderly population. As Japanese settlement expanded, the Ainu were pushed northward,[15] by the Tokugawa shogunate, the Ainu were pushed into the island of Hokkaido. Transliterations of non-Japanese names using katakana (e.g. This page was last edited on 24 August 2020, at 17:20. 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Original file ‎(SVG file, nominally 640 × 480 pixels, file size: 16 KB), The mountainous character of the country has caused the population to concentrate within the limited plains and lowlands—notably along the Pacific littoral. [10], The world population-ranking of Japan dropped from 7th to 8th in 1990, to 9th in 1998, and to 10th in the early 21st century. [12] Over the period of 2010 to 2015, the population shrank by almost a million. The 1980 eruption of Mount St Helens; The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo; ... Population pyramids allow population structures to be presented in a way that makes the data easy to analyse and compare. The majority of long-term residents were from Asia, totalling 478,953. In 2018, net immigration rose for the sixth straight year with 165,000. [15], With a decreasing total population, internal migration results in only 8 prefectures showing an increase in population. [32], Live births, birth and death rates and overall fertility rate in Japan from 1899 to present. Although members of these discriminated communities are physically indistinguishable from other Japanese, they often live in urban ghettoes or in the traditional special hamlets in rural areas, and membership can be surmised from the location of the family home, occupation, dialect, or mannerisms.