Federalism can thus be defined as a form of government in which there is a division of powers between two levels of government of equal status. Federalism creates smaller local governments, and allows people to feel even more involved in the decisions and every day workings of their government. Therein, the center has the power to change the specifics of the boundaries of the state. The smaller branches of the local governments are right in the middle of the local society. Diffusing Power – The form of federalism that we have in our country, where power is shared with state governments, and where the federal government is separated into three branches, serves as a means to make sure that all power is not centralized into a single person or group of people, since excessive power among a single group tends to be corrupting. Relationship between Contemporary Politics and Trends in Size and Power of the Federal Government. Local laws can hamper the passage of regional laws. Federalism is a structure that encourages dissent because that dissent can be used as leverage to grab more resources. Wood, D. P. (1999). These are the national level and regional level governments. The process of federalism provides an efficient mechanism for conflict management. There are two advantages of federalism. So do the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Russia, Germany, Canada, Switzerland, Argentina, and Australia. This makes people much more proud and excited about their country. Federalism allows the government to become more responsive to individual needs. The reason why Hitler was able to run roughshod over the levels of authority was because of the excessive centralization of power. This also ensures that no authoritarian or tyrannical leader can cause ruckus across the entire country. Federalism offers the following advantages: Federalism allows diversity. What this does is that it ensures that no one person has control over the entire nation. (function(){for(var g="function"==typeof Object.defineProperties?Object.defineProperty:function(b,c,a){if(a.get||a.set)throw new TypeError("ES3 does not support getters and setters. Second, between the period of 1901 to 1960, Cooperative Federalism existed. This allows them to reduce the amount of welfare work that the state has to do. It spreads the national government’s power amongst different levels. Federalism can be defined as the process whereby two or more governments come together to share control or powers over a particular geographic area. They are a result of different political ideologies and governments. This is one of the biggest advantages of federalism. Federalism is the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government with regional governments in a single political system. As a structure, it ensures two levels of government. The disadvantages are that it can set off a race to the bottom among states, cause cross-state economic and social disparities, and obstruct federal efforts to address national problems. Go here to subscribe for free and download the episodes straight to your phone, tablet, or computer. The chances of conflicts are henceforth drastically reduced. Decision making is more efficient when done by the people who understand the nuances of the problem at hand. Third, between 1960 to 1968, this era was characterized as the Creative Federalism. History has showcased that undue centralization of power has created tyrannical despots. In fact, this has a past history of excesses. 2. A Lack of Accountability A Better Understanding Similarly, state governments where the national opposition is in power might refuse to apply the policies of the center. Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism, advantages and disadvantages of american federalism, Complexity in the Nature of Human Social Interactions, Best Medical Achievements that can Revolutionize the Humankind, Google Coaches its Employees by the Most Qualified Tutors, Article Analysis: Repatriation after Global Assignments: Current HR Practices and Suggestions for Ensuring Successful Repatriation, Effect of Chinese Currency Fluctuations on U.S. Exchange. Unhealthy competition between political parties is the major impediment that has certainly been a sore thumb in the history of federalism. These governments have also been fascist, communist, socialist, and liberal. The idea behind this is to be able to better suit the needs of each area of the country, but some issues certainly arise. Federalism allows the sharing of power with the state governments, instead of handing the power into the hands of the national government. Thus, if a party is ruling at the center, it might appropriate more funds to states that are also ruled by it. In the United States, there are very many laws; from the local government, state government, and federal government, law govern every operation. Alexander Hamilton was the person whose beliefs and ideas federalism was based off of. The mark of a great country is just how patriotic and prideful the citizens are to be a part of it. Retrieved June 20, 2016, from http://usa.usembassy.de/etexts/gov/federal.htm, Federalism. This can prove disastrous when the lives of millions of people are at stake. 3. In a bid to become unattractive for poor people, states indulge in oppositional competition, reducing the amount of welfare benefits offered to disenfranchised citizens. In that scenario, the idea that is found to be the most competent can be readily implemented. (n.d.). First, politics become really serious on the negative side because as the size and power of the federal government develop, the stakes increase the more. Federalism seeks to create shared power instead of centralizing authority. This helps to maintain the security of the nation. (n.d.). Retrieved June 20, 2016, from http://www.cengage.com/resource_uploads/downloads/0495913510_265742.pdf, Wiseman, R. (n.d.). 4. Also Study: Pros and Cons of Federal Government System. Modern democracies are based on the political party system. One huge characteristic of federalism is the checks and balances that are in play. This is one of the biggest advantages of federalism. They are better suited to deal with the true things that need to be changed. Regionalism Over Patriotism Many americans feel tied closely to their home state, since federalism helps maintain a connection with the power given to the states. Also, the size of various financial institutions surpasses the government and thus, we get into a fascist corporate global recession almost permanently. This is why having multiple sectors of the government is so important in federalism. The regional government can be provincial, state, cantonal, territorial, or other sub-unit governments. It stops national policies from being implemented. In that scenario, federalism becomes a saving grace by ensuring an equitable distribution of power among the various levels of the government. So let us explore them. Since different states and communities are allowed to develop their own policies, people with strong disagreements or irreconcilable differences are allowed for, to live in different areas, and develop their own results, or policies, which could in one way or the other disagreeable to other people in other regions or states of the country. //